Quasi‐Binary Transition Metal Dichalcogenide Alloys: Thermodynamic Stability Prediction, Scalable Synthesis, and Application
Z. Hemmat§, J. Cavin§, A. Ahmadiparidari, A. Ruckel, S. Rastegar, S. N. Misal, L. Majidi, K. Kumar, S. Wang, J. Guo, R. Dawood, F. Lagunas, P. Parajuli, A. T. Ngo, L. A. Curtiss, S. B. Cho, J. Cabana, R. F. Klie, R. Mishra*, A. Salehi-Khojin*. Adv. Mater. 1907041 (2020).
Transition metal dichalcogenide (TMDCs) alloys could have a wide range of physical and chemical properties, ranging from charge density waves to superconductivity and electrochemical activities. While many exciting behaviors of unary TMDCs have been demonstrated, the vast compositional space of TMDC alloys has remained largely unexplored due to the lack of understanding regarding their stability when accommodating different cations or chalcogens in a single‐phase. Here, a theory‐guided synthesis approach is reported to achieve unexplored quasi‐binary TMDC alloys through computationally predicted stability maps. Equilibrium temperature–composition phase diagrams using first‐principles calculations are generated to identify the stability of 25 quasi‐binary TMDC alloys, including some involving non‐isovalent cations and are verified experimentally through the synthesis of a subset of 12 predicted alloys using a scalable chemical vapor transport method. It is demonstrated that the synthesized alloys can be exfoliated into 2D structures, and some of them exhibit: i) outstanding thermal stability tested up to 1230 K, ii) exceptionally high electrochemical activity for the CO2 reduction reaction in a kinetically limited regime with near zero overpotential for CO formation, iii) excellent energy efficiency in a high rate Li–air battery, and iv) high break‐down current density for interconnect applications. This framework can be extended to accelerate the discovery of other TMDC alloys for various applications.